The city of Salzburg lies with the Salzach in the Salzburg washbasin. It is the capital of the federal state of the same name and with 150,000 inhabitants the fourth largest town of Austria. The northwest of the city of Salzburg borders on Germany and exactly on the city of Freilassing in Bavaria. In the year 488 the decline of the Roman city of Iuvavum began at the same place. Salzburg was anew founded 696 as a bishop's see and 798 to the seat of the archbishop. The main sources of income of Salzburg formed salt production and salt trade as well as at times the golden mining. The fortress High salt castle comes in the core from the 11th century. It is one of the biggest European castle arrangements of the Middle Ages and is valid as a landmark of the town. From the 17th century the town was equipped by archbishop Wolf Dietrich and his successors as a seat of power magnificently. At this time the castle Hellbrunn was established in the south of the town also with castle park, water fountains and avenues. As the best known inhabitant of Salzburg Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which is why the town is also valid the epithets "Mozart's town" and the airport for the name Salzburg airport W. A. Mozart carries. The historical centre of the town stands since 1996 on the list of the world cultural heritage of UNESCO.
Today Salzburg is an important fair location and congressional location with many commercial companies and service companies as well as an efficient tourism area. Besides the town is internationally significant by the Salzburg festival what introduced the other epithet "Festival performance town" in her.