All important information about Austria
Here you will find the most important information about Holidays in Austria
Location: Central Europe
Capital: Vienna - (Wien) 1,616,240 inhabitants
Languages: German (98%)
Religion: Catholic (78%), Protestant (5%)
Currency exchange rates
Currency: 1 euro (EUR) = 100 cents
Current rate: € 1 = 27.44 CZK
The official currency in Austria is the euro, which is already more profitable to import from the Czech Republic because the amount is not limited and Austrian banks and exchange offices to shift Czech crowns charge high fees. The bank is usually necessary to present a passport. Hours bank is usually on weekdays from 8.30 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 16.00, Saturday and Sunday closed. ATMs are everywhere.
International credit cards (American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa) can pay in shops, hotels, restaurants and car hire.
While in the west of Austria, the climate is oceanic in the south and east of the Pannonian continental, with larger temperature differences between summer and winter. In the mountains the climate is alpine, with harsher winters. Average summer temperatures are 16-19 ° C, with maximums sometimes up to 30 ° C. Average winter temperatures are -1 to -4 ° C, in the mountains with lows down to -20 ° C. The warmest month is July, the coldest January. In Vienna, the average summer temperatures around 20 ° C, winter around zero. On the whole the temperature decreases considerably with increasing altitude, which is increasing with i cloud and rain and snowfall. Rainfall also increasing from east to west: while at Vienna rainfall of about 1200 mm per year, with 2400 mm Salzburg and the Alps, including snowfalls of up to 3000 mm. The mountains are normal morning inversion and sudden weather changes during the day.
Prices are approximate and may vary locally, seasonally and in specific companies.
In the shop
bottled water 1,5 l = from € 0.45
soft drink 1.5 liters = from € 1.60
beer (0.5 l / 0,3 l) = to € 2.00 / 1.20
= limo from € 2.00
milk 1 l = from € 1.00
Juice 1 l = € 1.10
1 loaf of bread = from € 1.50
bakery products (ingots) = € 0.35
butter 250 g = from € 1.60
cheese 100 g = from € 1.60
Salami 100 g = from € 1.00
Chicken 1 kg = € 4.60
chicken 1 kg = from € 6.00
pork from 1 kg = € 6.00
yogurt 1 pc = from € 0.30 to 0.50
bananas / peaches 1 kg = € 1.80 / 2.80
Strawberries from 1 kg = € 4.00
Customs, import, export
On the way to Austria applies to the citizens of the European Union some limitations. Specifically Czech citizens may import up to 200 cigarettes.
Passengers from countries outside the European Union can import duty-free goods for personal use, including adequate amounts of food. The specific limit for one person is 1 liter of milk and other dairy products, eggs, 1 kg, 1 kg of meat and meat products, canned 1 kg of animal products, 1 kg of fish products or fish, 1 kg of apiculture products and up to 15 kg of fruit.
Per person older than 18 years is allowed duty free import 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars, 100 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco, 1 liter alcoholic beverage over 22% or 2 liters, with an alcohol content of 22%, per capita below 500 g coffee, 100 g of tea or 40g of tea extract, 50 g of perfume or 0.25 liters of toilet water and medicines for personal use passenger.Import and export of foreign currency there are no restrictions. It is however recommended to keep the document (receipt) on goods purchased in Austria in case of doubt about the way it takes to be present at any inspection.Occupants dog, cat or other animal must have international vaccination certificate with valid vaccination against rabies (or adequate veterinary certificate in English and German about the vaccination) and the animal must have a chip or tattoo.
Time is the same as the year in Czech Republic: Austria pursuant to CR introduces Daylight Saving Time from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.
Electricity (current use reduction)
The power supply voltage is 220V/50Hz, sockets are identical with Czech adapter is not necessary.
Photography and filming
Photography and filming is not restricted, with the exception of military objects and strategic buildings. In the interior, of course, respect the internationally understandable pictograms and, if not shooting allowed the ban observe.
Do not forget plenty of film or charger to your camcorder or digital camera, spare batteries and adequate storage capacity cards.
Internet cafes are virtually everywhere, prices are comparable to those in Internet cafes in the country.
The official language is German (Alamannisch), from whose literary form differs bavorština (Bairisch), respectively. number of dialects (dolnoalemanský, středněbavorský, the Lower Bavarian, Vorarlberg and Vienna). According to the Law on Minorities (1976) in some areas are now accepted as an additional official language for communication with authorities and language minorities, namely the Croatian and Slovenian (Styria, Burgenland and Carinthia) and Hungarian (municipality Oberpullendorf, Oberwart, Rotenturm and Unterwart).
In hotels and tourist information usually understand each other as well as English, educated people usually dominate the English and French; journey to the heart of local, however, open using German. In addition, the Austrians almost take for granted that the Czechs understand German. Therefore, it may be able to throw some basic German words and phrases (approximate pronunciation differs from the written form is in parentheses).
Good morning / Good night = guten tag (tag gutn) / gute Nacht; Good bye auf wiedersehen = (auf vidrsén); sorry = verzeihung (frcajung); Thank you very much / danke schön please = (danke SEN) / bitte; s permission = Entschuldigung (entšuldigung); It does not matter = das macht nichts; how are you / thank you, well = wie geht's (knows GETS) / danke, gut; bon voyage = glückliche reise (glykliche rajz); where / why = wohin / warum; can you please help me = können Sie mir bitte helfen (Kennen ne mir helfen bite); I / We understand their verstehe = / ich nicht verstehe (ICH frštée nicht); Do you speak English = sprechen sie Englisch (šprechn ne Inglis).
As everywhere in Europe, it is recommended to look out for pickpockets, occurring especially in large cities (also due to the high number of immigrants) and in areas with higher concentrations of people (airports, railway stations, public transport, shopping centers, markets). Do not carry large sums of money and certainly not jewelry or other valuables. Never leave your belongings and hand baggage unattended, especially if they have documents and money. Free is not to leave the hotel room - passport, tickets, credit cards and higher amounts of cash to include a hotel safe when moving to a locked suitcase in the luggage compartment coach. Be careful when collecting money from an ATM.
If the loss, theft or destruction of passport or identity card, obtain a replacement passport at the embassy. In this case it is recommended to have your quality photocopy of passport (the page where the photo is a personal information) or identity card to speed up the issuance of a replacement document. This copy keep stored separately from the original. Get a copy of the proof of insurance, or at least a copy of credit card numbers and telephone number of the bank for their eventual blockage; all this can help if you or a passport card arrived. In case of loss of a mobile phone tainted keep important personal telephone numbers. If stolen, report it to the police; the theft of documents should be drafted protocol.
Kitchen - food and drinks
The Austrian cuisine is the result of fusion cuisine Italian, Hungarian, Czech, German and Balkan. It is based on beef and veal, often as a stew or with dumplings and cabbage, game and offal. World famous are particularly Viennese schnitzel (veal principle of a breaded), Viennese goulash, roasted roast beef or mutton for Styria and sirloin with dumplings (usually round and only one). In the Tyrol are popular cheese dumplings with smoked meat, sauerkraut and potatoes (Tiroler Knödel) Everyone's favorite is grilled pork knuckle with grated radish and potato, sausage and a variety of sausages (Würstl). Fish are expensive, but they are famous fried carp or carp with garlic, Salzkammergut for pike and trout or perch with tartar sauce. Meals are flavored with bacon or fried onions, spices juniper and cinnamon salad with pumpkin seed oil is used (Kürbisöl).
Preferred vegetables are beans, cauliflower, tomatoes, corn and beets. In all modifications are popular mushrooms. Sweet dishes are the most popular pie, Vienna cheese dumplings, pancake, dumpling soda and yeast dumplings with jam. The desserts are the most famous Sacher cake with apricot jam and chocolate sauce (Sachertorte), pancakes (Palatschinken) stuffed with cream cheese and topped with chocolate, apple strudel with raisins and whipped cream (Apfelstrudl), sponge cake with chocolate filling and caramel sauce (Dobostorte) cake (Gugelhupf), Carinthian cones with whipped cream, shortbread cookies, brownies and chocolate cake Esterházy Mozart balls filled with marzipan and nougat.
Favorite beer is Budweiser, Austrian beers are drunk Zipfer, Schwechater or Gasser, all sweeter than Czech. Zillertal Beer "Radler" is half beer, half lemonade lemon. Popular local wines (Grüner Veltliner, red Lemberger, Zweigelt and Blue Portugal), autumn is a special "Heuriger" (this wine with us sometimes referred to as St. Martin) and "sturm", similar to the season. The soft leads Almdudler (ginger ale). At the end of meals served coffee in countless variations: Einspänner (classic Viennese coffee in glass with whipped cream), Fiaker (coffee in a glass with a little brandy), Grosser / Kleiner Brauner (large / small coffee with milk), Grosser / Kleiner Schwarzer (large / small black coffee), Kaffee verkehrt (white coffee with a large proportion of milk), Kaisermelange (coffee with egg yolk and cognac), Kapuziner (coffee with cream), Mazagran (ice with rum and ice, drinking with a straw), Melange (coffee with foamed milk) Türkischer Kaffee (Turkish coffee with sugar, served in a brass jug) Verlängerten Brauner (coffee with milk diluted with water), mocha (black filter coffee), gespritz (mocca with cognac). Certainly you will discover other options. The price of coffee is automatically sugar, milk and a glass of water.
Austrian specialties as herbal liqueurs from mountain herbs, the most famous being the Salzburg "schnapps" of a mixture of berries, blackberries, raspberries and blueberries, or another forest fruits. Likérka Graessel reportedly produces the best "gentian" in the world. O Christmas markets served punch, often with wild berries or in the form of soft drinks for children.
beinfleisch: front marbled beef
bergsteigeressen: balls of spiced minced meat with rice and vegetable garnish
bruckfleisch: braised innards
fiaker goulasch: Viennese goulash with sausage and hard-boiled eggs, concentrated tomato paste
fritaten: pancakes cut into strips
g'hackknödel: potato dumplings with meat filling
Gulaschsuppe: thick goulash soup with large pieces of meat
kaiserschmarrn: sweet "pancake" made of dough, cheese, fruit compote, raisins and prunes
millirahmstrudel: cheese pie, usually served warm with vanilla cream
salonbeuschl: lights on cream
schöberln: bagel with various ingredients (peas, bacon)
Spätzle: gnocchi pasta with cheese and sauerkraut, topped with fried onions
Tafelspitz: quality beef cooked in vegetable broth along with morkovými bone, served with potatoes, vegetables and apple horseradish
Tiroler dreierlei: three different kinds of dumplings filled
zillertalen Krapfen: fried dumplings, stuffed with grated carrots, onions and cheese
Zillertal kaspressknodel: soup with pancake inside
Zillertal kasspatzl'n: gnocchi with cheese
Local transport and taxi
Air. National routes operated by Austrian Airlines, Tyrolean Airlines, Lauda Air and Rheintalflug. The largest airport Wien-Schwechat, another major airports are Graz, Klagenfurt, Linz and Salzburg. Specific information on flights and potential discounts can be obtained at airports and on the Internet.
Railway. The main railway carrier are Austrian State Railways (Österreichische Bundesbahnen, ÖBB), which manage about 5800 km of railway lines connected to the European rail network (Euro City trains). Train connection is fast and convenient, night trains have sleeper or couchette cars, a dining car international, national or offer dining car onboard snacks with drinks. Timetables can be found at railway stations and on the Internet. The busiest route is the Westbahn, connecting Vienna and Salzburg.
Travelling by train in Austria is expensive, but offer various discounts, such as group, weekend or family. Examples are travel discounts in the border area (roundticket suitable for cyclists and hikers, valid on specific routes) EURegio (discounts in all categories of trains, especially with the card In-karta/Rail plus), Wien Spezial (discounted ticket on the route Brno, Breclav and Vienna, including the combination with all-day ticket for the Vienna public transport), InterRail (either InterRail Global Pass or InterRail One Country Pass, Sport Card (designed especially for hikers and cyclists) or Sommerticket (network card for holiday card holder plus In-karta/Rail effective from 1 July to 31 August, not to the cog railway). Continuously may appear as other discounts.
Attractive railway lines:
Achenseebahn. The cog railway in the Bavarian Alps in Tyrol, approximately 50 km northeast of Innsbruck, opened 1889. On the track with a length of 6.8 km and 1000 mm gauge between Jenbach (530 m asl) and Lake Achensee (930 m above sea level, the final stop Seespitz) runs steam trains: stops are Burgeck, Eben and Maurach. It is interesting partly adhesive and partly cog operation (section Jenbach - Eben). The track is open from May to October, daily rides here in high season (June to September) to seven pairs of trains.
Arlbergbahn. 198 km long electrified railway between Innsbruck and Bregenz, with a long tunnel in the middle of a beautiful valley leads. Drive around her and special sightseeing trains.
Brennerbahn. Railways from 1867 through the Brenner Pass (1372 m asl) between the Stubai and Zillertal Alps runs along the route used by the Romans. It connects Innsbruck and Bolzano, measures 126 km and is on the 22 tunnels (including helically coiled), several arched bridges, numerous retaining walls and embankments, gallery and tunnel underpasses as protection against avalanches.
Karwendelbahn. Connector cities Innsbruck and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, where the trail is several miles at a stretch practically a rock wall.
Semmeringbahn. The 59 km long track between Wiener Neustadt and Mürzzuschlag is a series of loops, bridges and tunnels.
Schafbergbahn. The cog railway between St. Wolfgang and Schafbergspitze (gauge 1000 mm, 1892), after which runs steam trains.
Schneebergbahn. Cog Railway (gauge 1000 mm, 1896) between Puchberg and Hochschneebergem along which runs steam trains.
Tauernbahn. Track the route Schwarzach-St-Veit - Spittal-Milstättersee overcomes ridge between Salzburg and Villach. It measures 83 km and is popular for the spectacular views.
Zillertal: Narrow Gauge Railway (760 mm, 27 km) connects Jenbach Ziller river valley to Mayrhofen.
Boat. The main water artery of the Danube, after which it is possible to take a several cruises. Busy stretch as the Vienna - Bratislava or Wachau valley in Lower Austria. Cruise ships are also sailing in larger lakes.
Bus. The bus network is particularly important in areas where it would not be reached by train. The operation is about 2,000 regular routes, buses are reliable and convenient, cost comparable with the train. After the big cities go sightseeing tourist coaches.
Vienna has a dense network of bus routes that run well into the outskirts of the city. Some also have a night mode, replacing metro and trams that do not travel at night. The ticket is universal for all kinds of public transport and buys the stalls, the driver or in the machine. Trams run in the historic center, only some lines are passing the suburbs. The fleet is modern, but also meet historic cars. Fast and convenient metro has five lines kept above ground and below ground. It runs from 5 hours of the morning to 0:30 at night, and station transfers are well marked.
Austria attraction is Dorfbahn Serfaus, "shortest metro in the world", built in 1985 in the Tyrolean village of Serfaus, the monorail tunnel 1,280 meters long rides on a cushion of air, one of the two train cars. Free take tourists from the car park to the station of the cable car, with stops at the church and bank.
Taxi. Vienna taxis are usually labeled as taxi roof sign předražováním or robbing you meet. Taxis between the airport and the center runs at a fixed price for luggage is usually the case. Fares are rounded up.
Shopping and souvenirs
Prices in shops are slightly higher than in the Czech Republic, buy cheapest supermarket chain Billa, Spar, Zielpunkt, Mercury and Hofer, which are also open nonstop.
Hours of current trade are weekdays from 9:00 am (food from 8.00) to 19.00 Saturday to 13.00 hours, rarely longer. In the Vienna area have some of the larger stores open Thursday to Saturday and 22.00 to 17.00 to 18.00. In tourist centers can be exceptionally open on Sundays.
A popular souvenir is quality food, especially chocolate, cheese and wine.
Travel light, you will be freer! Are you going to use, not willing to move. Solid medium large lockable trunk Obtain a tag with your name. Card with name, address and telephone number also enter inside. Do checked luggage store all sharp objects like a pocket knife, scissors, nail emery board, etc., which you can take with you into the cabin. As hand proved the best solid tourist backpack on the things you want or need to carry around (for example, medications that you take regularly). Do not take a bag in your hand or even handbags, interfere and is easy to sometimes forget.
Clothing should be comfortable and practical, the city crease blended into the nature of sports. Comfortable shoes are important, especially for trips to the countryside best waterproof (good quality sneakers or light Goretex), the city just sports sandals. Include a sweater, jacket, high quality raincoat and umbrella, hats and spare eyeglasses, if you wear them. If you forget anything, there is no problem to buy.
In mountainous areas is of course necessary equipment depending on the sport and the conditions at the place of residence. The mountain hike always take warm clothes and rain protection, whatever the weather; in the high mountains must always reckon with its sharp turns. If you are coming to ski or snowboard, let your equipment including bindings checked by a specialist before departure.
The mountains and especially for skiing equip-quality sunscreen with a high UV protection factor according to the sensitivity of your skin. Also important is the Lip Salve and sunglasses with UV filter.
Beaches and bathing
Most ski resorts offered is equipped with a swimming pool. If so, make sure that the input is included ski passes.
Water Parks. The most popular are Aquapulco in Bad Schallerbach (including a wave pool, beaches and massage benches, slides to the channel with rapids, Crazy River (109 m long slide for inflatable boats), steep Kamikaze slide, indoor slide Blue Hole in the outdoor pool and etc.) and Sole Felsen Bad Gmünd in Lower Austria's right at the Czech border (7 swimming pools, salt water pools with massage beds, 65 m long water slide, several types of sauna and steam bath).
Swimming in warm water offer as Geinberg Therme in Upper Austria (indoor and outdoor pools, hot tubs, water massage, Caribbean saltwater lagoon, beach) or Laa an der Thaya near Brno (indoor and outdoor pool, thermal pool, 90 m long water slide, children's section Fairytale World). In the valley of Ötztal spa Aqua Dom Längenfeld with nearly a dozen pools with water temperature of 34 -36 ° C, pumped from a depth of nearly 2 km, with a high content of sulfates, chlorides and sodium. The attraction is "geyser", whirlpools, children's area, and several types of saunas.
Postcard costs € 0.50, to mark EU € 0.55. You can buy stamps at the post office or with views.
Post boxes are yellow with a red stripe. Even in the mountain centers is fast and reliable sending postcards through the hotel reception.
Rent a car, traffic regulations and driving licenses
If you go to Austria with own car, you need a national or international driving license and green card. Of course there should be comprehensive insurance and insurance against theft. All vehicles must be marked with the country of registration and equipped with a warning triangle and first aid kit, a motorcycle helmet. Cars must be from 1 November to 15 April compulsorily fitted with winter tires.
Driving on the highway is only possible with a highway sign with an appropriate duration (ten € 7.70 (2009), two months, and yearly, this grade is compulsory for driving on highways. While driving on the highway must be reflective vest in the car to reach driver in the case, he would have to get out of the car. Missing vest is fine; purchase it at every gas station. On the high mountain roads and in some tunnels toll.
National and international car rental companies can be found mainly at airports and in city centers. It pays to compare several offers such as Hertz or Avis firms tend to have better rates when ordering in advance through the internet. Only some cars offer the option of returning the car elsewhere than was borrowed. To rent a car is to be valid identity card or passport.
Rules of the road are basically the same as in the Czech Republic for violations are much higher penalties. The maximum speed limit (if not locally mark otherwise specified) in the village 50 km / h, outside the resort 100 km / h (Tyrol and Vorarlberg 80 km / h) on the highway and 130 km / h For a material breach rate threatens not only a heavy fine, but i license suspension. Use of seat belts is compulsory, children under 14 must sit restrained in the back seat and children less than 150 cm may only take the car in a car seat. The driver behind the wheel may be in the blood than 0.5 per mille of alcohol in larger amounts face fines, license suspension or a driving ban in Austria.
The problem in cities is parking. Parking ticket for parking in designated parking areas can be purchased from the vending machine or the nearest newsagent. Improper parking is awarded a penalty, "shoe" or towing vehicle.
In the event of an accident with injuries and more obvious physical damage, it is necessary to call the police. If the damage is small, no one was injured in the accident and the parties shall agree among themselves, it is necessary to exchange personal data, information and vehicle to fuse, and then solves the case of insurance companies (in this case, if you call the police, you pay a fee for the trip, about € 40). We recommend that in any event the participants to write a traffic accident report accident (Unfallbericht), the relevant forms are available even for Czech insurers. In an accident or vehicle breakdown can be called Austrian automotoklub (ÖAMTC) or association ARBÖ.
Restaurant, prices, recommendation
Practically the whole of Austria can taste both local specialties and international dishes and European cuisine. The restaurant is a huge range, from small family businesses through international chains to specialized national cuisine (Chinese, Indian, Thai, Mexican) and dine in the luxurious company with service in a stylish environment in fast food in the cafeteria and on the street.
All approximately 75,000 pubs, restaurants and cafes concerns the law on smoking. Each minor must be clearly marked as smoking or non-smoking, the greater must be the two areas are clearly separated from each other and if this is not possible, an undertaking must be maintained only as non-smoking. The fine for smoking in non-smoking restaurant is up to 1000 EUR for a guest 10 000 EUR for the operator.
The specialty of Austria and especially Vienna are cafes where you can feel at home and over a cup of coffee and free bids newspapers and magazines need to spend half a day: the cafe is commonly go for breakfast and business meetings. Often there is a wide range of pastries, desserts and cakes.
At least one "best": the uppermost restaurants in Austria Jochdohle (3150 m asl) in the Stubai Alps in Tyrol, boasting both sighted and modern architecture.
coffee, tea = from € 2.30
water / soft drink = € 2.70 / 3.50
= beer from € 3.20
noon daily menu in a common restaurant from € 8.00 =
meal at a Chinese restaurant = € 5.80
Dinner in a normal restaurant (excluding drinks) = € 12.00
urban transport (zone 1) = from € 1.70
Name of country
Czech naming Austria (Rakúsy, Austria) originated as a distortion name Ratgoz border castle, today Raab at the confluence of the Moravian and German Thaya when his term has been extended to a wider area designation. Austrian name Österreich (Czech "Eastern Empire"), originated from staroněmeckého Ostarrîchi how the Emperor Otto III. in the 10th century called the Eastern marka (Marchia orientalis), then the easternmost part of the territory it controlled.
According to the census of 2001, lives in Austria 9% foreigners, ie almost one million people. Prevalent among Serbs and Montenegrins (about 21%), Turks (18%), the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina (13%), Germans (10%) and Croats (8%), and Poles (3%), Romanians, Hungarians , Macedonians, Italians, Czechs and Slovaks (1%). This percentage, however, is not entirely accurate, because the Austrians, whose ancestors are about a million. An interesting ethnic groups are Jenišová (35 thousand)., Of which about 3,500 so far they travel, particularly in the area of Burgenland, Mühlviertel, Waldviertel, Hausruck, Totes Gebirge and Seetálských and Fischbašských Alps.
Approximately 400,000 Austrians living abroad, especially in Germany.
The average life expectancy of Austrians in women 82 years and men 76.5 years (2005).
Tips for skiers
In Austria, according to statistics, about 22,000 km of slopes, 16,000 km cross country ski runs, lifts 3500 and 8 glaciers for skiing. For basic orientation is determined by the following table.
1) allow year-round glacier skiing resorts
Carinthia: Mölltal glacier; Salzburg: Kaprun / Kitzsteinhorn; Styria: Ramsau / Dachstein glacier; Tyrol: Kaunertal Glacier, Neustift / Stubai Glacier, Glacier Pitztal, Sölden / Rettenbašský and Tiefenbašský Glacier, Tux / Hintertux glacier.
2) The resort offers night skiing on floodlit ski slopes
Upper Austria Gosau, Hinterstoder, ST. Wolfgang; Carinthia Bad Kleinkirchheim, Heiligenblut Nassfeld (Hermagor); Salzburg: Flachau, Obertauern Saalbach-Hinterglemm, Zell am See; Styria: Schladming; Tirol Innsbruck, Ischgl, Kitzbühel, Sölden, ST. Anton / Arlberg; Vorarlberg: Lech / Zürs.
3) The slopes for professionals and very experienced skiers
Lower Austria: downhill World Cup Hischenkogel, Semmering, Steilhang Häsing, Kar, Hochkar; Upper Austria Hösskogel-Abfahrt, Hinterstoder, Krippensteinská slope in Obertraun; Carinthia Flattach / Mölltal glacier, Falbichl, Carnia; Salzburg: Gamsleiten 2, Obertauern, Schattberg Nord, Saalbach-Hinterglemm ski trail in northern Sportgastein; Styria slope European Cup Riesneralm, Donnersbachwald, FIS-slope in Obdach-Kalchberglift, Steirisches Zirbenland, FIS-slope Hauser Kaibling, Haus / Ennstal, FIS-slope Planai, Schladming; Tyrol: Hafelekar in Innsbruck-Seegrube, Streif in Kitzbühel, Schindelkar, Mattun, Kandahar-Kapall in ST. Anton; Vorarlberg: Kristallabfahrt of Hochjoch, Schruns, Madloch, Zürs / Lech.
4) The slopes and resorts for families
Lower Austria: Annaberg, Lackenhof / Ötscher; Upper Austria Grunau-Katschberg, Spital / Phyrn-Wirzealm / Hinterstoder; Carinthia Bad Kleinkirchheim, Innerkrems, Nassfeld, ST. Oswald; Salzburg: Faistenau-Hintersee-Krispl/Gaissau, Neukirchen, Lofer, Russbach; Styria: Grimming / Donnersbachwald / Riesneralm, Knax in Dachstein-Tauern, Mariazell Hochschwab-Mura, Waldheimat-Mürztal, Mayrhofen, Serfaus-Fiss-Ladis; Vorarlberg: Action "Montafon welcomes families," Bregenz: Action "Snow Child", Schoppernau / Au: country childhood experiences.
5) Venues for snowboard
Lower Austria: Annaberg, Göstling-Hochkar, Semmering-Hirschenkogel; Upper Austria Hochflicht / Böhmerwald; Carinthia Bad Kleinkirchheim, Gerlitzen Alpe, Heiligenblut, Mölltal glacier; Salzburg: Zell am See / Kaprun, Kitzsteinhorn, Saalbach Hinterglemm, Sportwelt Amade; Styria: Grimming / SnowValley Planneralm, Riesneralm Snow Park, Dachstein-Tauern region, Kreischberg, Murauský region, Waldheimat Mürztal / Stuhleck; Tyrol: Achenkirch, Ischgl; Vorarlberg: Boarderland Lech, Damüls, Kleinwalswertal, Montafon:
6) Running tracks
Lower Austria: Bärnkopf-Gutenbrunn, Göstling-Hochkar, Panorama track Wechsel-Semmering; Upper Austria Böhmerwald; Carinthia Bodental, Heiligenblut; Salzburg Lungau, Pinzga-Loipe, Saalachtal-Loipen, Maria Alm, Sonnenterrassenloipe, Salzburg world Amade, Wellness Loipenpark in Faistenau; Tyrol: "Koasa"-Loipe in ST. Johann / Tirol, Achensee, the Lienz Dolomites, Tannheimertal; Vorarlberg: "Loipe 2000" on the frozen lake Sivretta-Stausee and around, Region Bregezerwald.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
One of the greatest composers of classical music and piano virtuoso (Salzburg January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791 Vienna) was born as the last of seven children. Endowed got a brilliant talent (he composed the age of five) and a phenomenal musical memory, lifetime, however, faced with adversity. We are constantly faced financial difficulties and met him a number of personal tragedies. Traveled widely in Europe, fluent in several languages and wrote an incredible amount of musical works, among which are the arias, masses and other religious songs, duets, cantatas, oratorios and chamber compositions, compositions for solo instrument and orchestral works. World renown reached the opera Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro and Cosi Fan Tutte. The last unfinished work, the Requiem remained unfinished: Mozart died suddenly, probably of infectious disease, and was buried on the outskirts of Vienna in an unmarked grave.
Austrian writer (October 20, 1946. Mürzzuschlag), living alternately in Vienna and Munich, won - the first in Austria - the 2004 Nobel Prize for literature. In Prague, Franz Kafka Prize was given. Was educated in a convent school. Her mother considered a child prodigy: Elfriede received piano lessons, guitar, flute and violin from the age of 13 and studied at the same high school and conservatory. After a mental breakdown began. The first successful novel was "Die Liebhaberinnen" (Lovers, 1975), another work, "Burgtheater" (1983), caused a scandal because the theme of Nazism. Contradictory responses also raised other novels "Ausgesperrten", "Die Klavierspielerin" (Pianist), "Lust" (Lust), drama "Raststätte" (Roadhouse) and anti-government lyrics Das Lebewohl, Ein-Heider monologue. The most recent works include "Ich liebe Österreich" (I love Austria) and libretto for "Lost Highway" Olga Neuwirtová (2003).
It is usual in Austria and the amount is comparable to a tip in the Czech Republic. Expectations are especially in services (hotels, guides) and restaurants, although in restaurants is higher categories staff already included in the price of the account.
Austrians celebrate love. Apart from the following public holidays are generally celebrated on February 14th (Valentine's Day), Ash Wednesday (moving), March 19 (St. Joseph), Palm Sunday (movie), May 4 (St. Florian) Mother's Day ( moving), Ascension Day (movie), Pentecost (moving), Corpus Christi (movable), June 14 (Father's Day), October 10 (Kärntner Volksabstimmung), November 2 (All Souls Day), November 11 (St. . Martin), November 15 (St. Leopold), four Advent Sundays and Dec. 31 (New Year).
In addition to national holidays, each Province holidays reminds its patrons, Carinthia (St. Rupert Salzburg), Lower Austria (St. John Kapistránský), Upper Austria (St. Florian), Salzburg (St. Nicholas), Tyrol (St. Severin from Norika and St. Johann Nepomuk), Vorarlberg (St. Gerold).
January 1: New Year
January 6: Epiphany
Easter (moveable feast, including Easter Monday)
May 1: Labour Day
Whitsun (Movie Monday)
Corpus Christi (movable)
August 15: Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
October 26: National Day of the Republic of Austria
November 1: All Saints Day
December 8: The Annunciation
December 25: Christmas Day
December 26: Boxing Day
Integrated Rescue System: 112
Disorders of vehicles: 120 ÖAMTC, ARBÖ (The Auto Club) 123
Čedok (Parkring 12, Wien): 5132509, 5120199, 5124372
Visas, entry formalities
Czech citizen can travel to Austria on the basis of a valid passport or identity card, which is equipped with a machine-readable and does not have a separate section marked (ie the cut-off corner). The documents should be valid for a minimum period of intended stay in the territory of Austria.
Children enrolled in the valid passport of the parents can travel with that parent without their own passport or must be equipped with their own passport as ID card serves as a travel document for its holder. Thus, if a parent is traveling with the identity card together with a child under 15 years is not enough that the child is enrolled in his identity card.
In case of loss of passport is required to contact the nearest embassy of the Czech Republic which to return issue a replacement passport. He then used for a single trip to the Czech Republic.
Points of interest
Austrian metropolis (1.8 mil., UNESCO, 2001) lies on the Danube, surrounded by wooded hills and vineyards, with a history dating back to the Romans, who founded a military camp Vindobona (1st stol.nl). City status acquired 1137; In the 15th century witnessed the occupation of Hungarians in 16th-17th century by the Turks. The current form is mainly from the period of Emperor Franz Joseph. Vienna is also a separate Land (415 km2) and one from the UN headquarters. It is divided into 23 parts (District).
The main monument is Stephen, a Gothic Cathedral. Stephen from 1359 (top 107 x 39 m, valuable interiors, 137 meters high tower of the South in 1435, which led to 343 steps, 61 m high unfinished North Tower from 1579, with dvacetitunovým bell Pummerin as a terrace which leads to the elevator. On the roof of the house was used 230,000 glazed tiles. Tourists are accessible catacombs. Stephansplatz is also Dómské and Diocesan Museum. center may also be interested in the post-modern glass house Haas Haus (1987-1990), a shopping center with a restaurant on the roof and busiest pedestrian zone Kärntner Strasse, the hotel is famous Café Sacher. pedestrian zone Graben (ditch) is a Baroque Plague Column of the Holy Trinity (1693, with the statue of Emperor Leopold), Joseph and Leopold's Fountain (1804) and the church. Peter on the Neuer Markt fountain Donnerbrunnen a Capuchin church with the tomb of the Habsburg rulers (Kapuzinergruft).
Hofburg Castle (1279), once the residence of the Habsburgs, is the official seat of the Austrian president, partly open to the public (Treasury, Sisi Museum, Imperial private rooms). Valuable monuments Castle Belvedere (Upper and Lower castle, orangery and gardens), Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Natural History Museum, St.. Michael (12th cent.) And Looshaus (1911) to Michael's Square, Palace Starhemberský, Dietrichsteinský, Mollard-Claryovský, Ferstelův and Daun-Kinsky. In many churches (including Minority, the Virgin Mary on the shore, Dominican and Jesuit Church) stands the Baroque Karlskirche (1737, copper dome height of 72 m and two 33 m high columns with reliefs depicting scenes from the life of St.. Borromeo) on Karlsplatz Square, where is also a park with monuments, among others, Johann Brahms and Josef Ressel, Neo-Renaissance Künstlerhaus (House of artists), and two pavilions Art Nouveau (1901), originally the Vienna city railway station, now a café and entrance to the subway at the junction of three lines. The Square Maria Theresien Platz is an impressive monument to Maria Theresa (1887, with equestrian statues of the four generals). Parliament is monumental neoclassical building (1884) with a series of marble sculptures and reliefs: Guided tours are possible. Fountain in front of parliament dominated by the Greek goddess Pallas Athena as a symbol of wisdom, more statues symbolize the Danube, Inn, Vltava and Elbe rivers four former empire. Rathaus, Vienna City Hall (1883, 20 thousand. M2, 1,575 rooms, 2,035 windows), in Neo-Gothic style, stands on the Rathausplatz. In winter, the place in front of her famous Christmas markets and "probably the Vienna", which is the area in front of the town hall is adjacent parks transformed into an ice rink. Most important buildings (parliament, city hall, theater, university, Hofburg, State Opera, Municipal Park, neo-Gothic Votive - built as a thanks to God for a failed assassination attempt on Emperor Franz Joseph - and other monuments located on the Ringstrasse, 4 km long and 57 m wide street surrounding the historic center.
The newer architecture excels complex of residential houses Hundertwasser (1979 - 1986) architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser. Entertainment center is a large natural park Prater with its Giant Ferris Wheel. View of the city also offers a TV tower Donauturm (252 m, with a revolving restaurant at a height of 160 m). The most famous galleries are Albertina (1781) next to the Imperial Palace, occupying the original palace of Count Sylva-Tarouca, Augustinian monastery from the 15th and 16th centuries, the Classical extension and underground spaces. Valuable collections (since 1768) contain over 45,000 images, 35,000 books, 25,000 architectural plans and models, and countless prints. In 1999 was founded a collection of photographs; hosts themed exhibitions.
Donau - City's most modern part of Vienna, separated from the Old Danube and the Danube Island island. Construction began in 1970 and consists primarily of high-rise buildings (including Mischek, Saturn, Tech Gate or Andromeda). It is the seat of the United Nations nicknamed "UNO City" (also the Vienna International Center, 1973-1979, architect Johann Staber, a complex of buildings with heights from 54 to 120 m) and a modern convention and exhibition center Austria Center Vienna (1987). The building complex follows the Donaupark (1964) with a tower Donauturm.
Another attraction is the Imperial Schönbrunn Palace (UNESCO), which in the Rococo style allowed to modify the Empress Maria Theresa; A total of 1441 rooms is accessible 45 The large gardens are valuable fountains, classicist colonnade, palm and cactus greenhouse, a sundial, a maze (Irrgarten) and the zoo, the first in the world. Grinzing is a picturesque suburb of Vienna, with vineyards and wine taverns (Heuriger) on the slopes of the wooded hills of Kahlenberg (484 m), on top of a hotel, restaurant, baroque church of St.. Joseph and views over Vienna. Even better is the view from the observation tower Stephanienwarte accessible on foot or from a nearby Leopoldsberg (425 m asl), with ST. Leopold.
Tyrol's largest lake is emerald green and strikingly narrow shape (10 km x 1 km) called "Tyrolean fjord". It is popular for surfing, kitesurfing, scuba diving (visibility up to 10 meters), swimming (the water temperature to 22 ° C) and sailing. Summer cruises organized by Achenseeschiffahrt. The surrounding mountains are ideal for hiking, biking and paragliding; lift from Maurach leads to Rofan, lift from the Karwendel Pertisau.
The largest alpine lake of Austria lies in the Salzkammergut, measures 20 x 4 km and is 171 m deep in winter and freezes and visibility to a depth of 20 meters, is ideal for diver training. Other activities as sailing, surfing, water skiing, fishing, parasailing. Sail boats on the lake, the surrounding area offers trails for hiking and biking. We also offer rock climbing, horse riding, golf and tennis.
Arlberg Pass (1800 m), connecting Vorarlberg and Tyrol, is the center of the world famous exclusive ski area, the resort of Lech and Zürs, where snow is reliably from November to May; groomed slopes is 260 km. Ongoing way watershed between the Rhine and the Danube and the climate divide. Arlberg road was built during the reign of Joseph II., The Arlberg railway tunnel was opened in 1884. Tyrolean-Swiss border lies the valley Brandnertal. Especially in summer attracts beautiful nature, tennis courts, swimming pool and attractive tourist programs including free bus.
Styrian spa resort almost in the geographical center of Austria, was already in the 12th century a center of salt mining, as evidenced by preserved saline hospital and St. Spirit (Sandling, profitable Austrian salt mine, located in the nearby lake Altausee). Nearby are the National History Museum, handmade prints on substance according to traditional patterns and most Mercedes-Brücke (2005).
Radioactive spa in Gastein valley at the foot of the Graukogel Hohe Tauern with 17 healing springs containing radon, effective in the treatment of rheumatism and circulatory disorders, with the treatment we use the former gallery. Monuments are the parish church (19th century)., St. Nicholas (15th cent.) And local gold mining museum, but tourists attracted particularly massive hundred-meter Gastein waterfall in the center. The surrounding ski resorts with nearly 200 km of slopes, in summer runs paragliding, climbing, mountaineering, hunting and fishing.
The former summer residence of Emperor Franz Joseph I., built in the Biedermeier style, located in the heart of the Salzkammergut region, about 20 km south of Lake Attersee and Traunsee. Stayed here, among others composers Strauss, Lehar, Brahms and others, today's operetta festival takes place every year. Things are imperial villa, park and promenade.
Alpine spa town in the heart of Carinthia, which offers a combination of alpine skiing and swimming in the Roman baths, located a few meters from the ski lifts. Many hotels offer thermal pools, saunas, Roman baths, and a comprehensive wellness centers. Facilities in the north is a national park Nock.
Popular tourist resort (1000 m) is located in Vorarlberg, close to the Swiss border. It is the oldest inhabited place in the Montafon Valley, traditional areas of ore mining. The monument is the church with a carved altar and pulpit.
Bodensee (Lake Constance)
The second largest alpine lake (14 x 63 km, depth 254 m, 396 m above sea level) is of glacial origin and lies on the border of Germany, Switzerland and Austria, while Austria's largest lake. Crossed by the River Rhine and in winter freezes. On the east bank is Bregenz, the capital of Vorarlberg. After lakeside leads local railways and cycle path takes visitors up the mountain cable car ride across the lake pleasure boats. On the German side it is worth visiting the island of Mainau, notable for its landscaping, and Reichenau (UNESCO), city of Konstanz (Constance) and Friedrichshafen (Museum airship). The lake water temperature of about 20 oC offers swimming for Hardy.
The village in Vorarlberg (700 inhab., 1010 m asl) in a ski resort Brandnertal the Austro-Swiss-Liechtenstein border triangle Schesaplana below the summit (2965 m asl), linked by a shuttle bus service to the village Bürserberg. The surrounding area offers 400 km of marked hiking trails and 100 km of cycle paths, slopes are light to medium-duty, suitable for families with children, running tracks is 36 km. There is also a snow park, toboggan run, children's ski lifts and ski school. Brandy is based on observation of the road to a height of 1,565 meters above sea level to Schattenlagant, from there a cable car leading to the lake Lünersee (1970 m).
The capital of Vorarlberg (28 thousand. Inhab.) On the shores of Lake Constance, after which sail pleasure boats. Nearby are the Provincial Museum, the neoclassical theater (1838), a glass house Arts (Kunstmuseum Bregenz), a baroque chapel. John of Nepomuk, Hall (1685), Lake chapel. And St. George. Hilaria (15th cent.), A neo-Gothic church of the Heart of Jesus, remains of fortifications (13th century). Tower Martinsturm (1602) with onion-shaped roof, the Museum of Military History and the chapel. Martina (14th cent.). A unique feature is the biggest stage of the world on the water (Seebühne).
The mountain massif (900 km2, Hoher Dachstein 2995 m asl) on the border of Upper Austria, Styria and Salzburg, From the two lifts and remote alpine route "Via Alpina". Notable System is the Dachstein Ice Caves UNESCO site. Dachstein Mammoth Cave (1360 m above sea level, has not yet determined the length of 50 km, depth of 1.2 km), is headed by the length of the space; guided tour is 1 km long (1.5 hours). Koppenbrullerská cave (1458 m) is proud karst vyvěračkou and powers of ice 25 meters, guided tour is 1 km long. The visit is the Dachstein cave museum.
The village (1013 m) at the end of a mountain valley Rauris is the starting point for hiking and cycling in the protected area of the Hohe Tauern (Hohe Tauern), massive mountains on the border between Tyrol, Carinthia and Salzburg, Austria's highest mountain Grossglockner (3798 m), the many alpine lakes and the Krimml Waterfalls.
The town (15 thousand. Inhab., 430 m asl) on Traunském lake in Upper Austria is the gateway to the Salzkammergut region. My precious medieval center, the town hall and parish church chimes. Used to serve as transshipment of salt mines in Hallstatt and here turn led horse-drawn Czech Budějovice - Linz - Gmunden (19th century). Water Castle Ort, connected to the mainland by 123 m long wooden bridge, is the scene of "the Castle Advent".
One of the most beautiful places Salzkammergut (2 thousand. Inhab., 780 m above sea level), the dolomitic Gosaukamm ridge is starting to Dachstein massif. In the 19th century belonged to the popular tourist places of the imperial family, he stayed in Bad Ischl. Today attracts skiers and hikers. Lakes Vorderer Gosausee (933 m asl, 69 m depth) and Hinterer Gosauseee are connected paved road. From Lake Vorderer Gosausee cableway Gosaukammbahn to the cottage Gablonzer Hütte (1475 m). From Lake Hinterer Gosausee a hiking trail to a mountain hut Adamekhütte (2196 m asl) and continuing to the top of Hoher Dachstein (2995 m asl). Live in the lake perch, pike and minnow.
Grossglockner massif located in the National Park Hohe Tauern (Hohe Tauern), with peaks Grossglockner (3798 m asl) and Grossvenediger (3674 m asl). Between the steep walls is 169 glaciers (the largest Pasterzenkees 19.5 km2) and several glacial rivers. They live here chamois, marmots, ibex, vultures and eagles, the predominant tree species are larch and Arolla. Across the protected area leading paid Grossglocknerhochalpenstrasse, the most famous Austrian alpine road from the years 1930-1935, with a length of 48 km, 13% incline and elevation of 1700 meters. The highest point reaches the Grossglockner Pass (2505 m asl). The prospects are best known Fuschentorl, height Franz Joseph and Edelweissspitze (2503 m asl).
Lake (4.22 km2 and 5.7 km x 1 km, depth 64 m) surrounded by forests located in Styria, near the spa town of Bad Aussee, at the southern slopes of the mountains Totes Gebirge. They live in him pike, brook trout, chub, perch, minnows, and more. The water is almost drinkable and therefore is prohibited cruise ship with internal combustion engines (sightseeing cruises provide only ship Rudolf and Traun). The lake is a popular scuba divers, water temperature in summer reaches 18 to 25 ° C. To the west lies the lake of the same name Zimitztal gorge waterfall. The trail leads to the lake Toplitzsee (nature reserve).
Tourist resort (900 inhab., 510 m above sea level, UNESCO) Salzkammergut is located on the shore of Lake Hallstatt below the massive Sarstein. Celtic burial ground and the oldest finds from the Iron Age gave the name to the entire epoch ("Hallstatt culture", 700-400 BC), when even then there mined salt. The village is practically the only street with houses crowded on himself and partly built on stilts sunk in the lake, some interconnected narrow path above the roofs of houses. The road here was built only in 1890 after blasting rocks. Attractions are Museum, Catholic Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary with a Gothic altar, cemetery and ossuary (16th century)., Hallstatt necropolis and a large cave systems (Giant and Mammoth Cave). Made available to the mine adits (835 m) leads Salzbergbahn lift. The salt mine is the oldest in the world: the underground miniature train rides and slides down to the individual levels of the wooden slides (in protective clothing borrowed on site).
Year-round tourist resort (1200 inhab., 1300 m above sea level) and place of pilgrimage is the key to Grossglockner Pass. Every year, there's still running to the top of Grossglockner Berglauf. The monument is the church, founded in the 15th century by monks from Admont, with the tomb of St.. Brikcius a valuable altar.
The most beautiful castle in Austria, Carinthia lying east of ST. Veit is one of the most important in Europe. The original castle from the 9th century, built on a 160 m high limestone rock in the 16th century radically rebuilt to defend against the Turks. On the steep access road, partly carved into the rock and 700 meters long, it was necessary to go through a total of 14 gates, each with a different defense mechanism; perhaps because it was never captured. Today's appearance comes mainly from the 16th century, the castle is still owned by descendants of George Freiherr (1534-1587) von Khevenhüller, which he had bought. Some parts of the castle (collection, armory, a chapel with frescoes, courtyard with fountain) are from Easter to late October open to the public. Model castle in 1:25 scale, we find the exposure Minimundus in nearby Klagenfurt.
Tyrolean capital (120 thousand. Inhab.) In the Inn Valley surrounded by the Alps, was the venue for the Winter Olympic Games in 1964 and 1976. Nearby are the Arch of Triumph (1765), Fugger Palace Taxis and Baroque Altes Landhaus, Anenský Column (1703 reminder liberation from the Bavarian Tyrol invasion), City Tower (prospect) and Golden Roof (Golden Roof, the symbol of the city with the Olympic Museum), the Gothic town hall with rococo façade and Cathedral. James with frescoes. Significant is the Hofburg palace and church Hofkirche (16th cent., Tomb of Emperor Maximilian I.) a renaissance castle Ambras. The prospect Hafelekarspitze (2334 m asl) in the Karwendel cableway and the Stubai valley tram ride (1 hour). It pays to purchase Innsbruck Card (combination ticket for public transport including the cable cars and tickets to monuments).
Tyrolean town (7 thousand. Inhab.), Where to the beautiful Lake Achensee (length 9.5 km) in the limestone Rofan (350 km2 Hochiss 2299 m asl) runs Achenseebahn, the oldest still operating úzchorozchodná steam cog railway in the world (1889) . Distance 6.7 km (rack in the area of 3.5 km, climb up to 160 ‰) between Jenbach and the southern shore of the lake (station Seespitz) manage historical locomotives for 45 minutes. Red open wagons allow the unforgettable views of the countryside, the final you can transfer to a boat and sail around the lake. Steam trains run from May to late October.
The capital of Carinthia (90 thousand. Inhab.) Lies on the shores of Lake Wörthersee near the border with Slovenia. Things are Neuer Platz with the Dragon fountain and a monument to Empress Maria Theresa, Alter Platz square with the old town hall and the Holy Trinity church. And Giles Cathedral. Peter and Paul. The attraction is the large Europa Park "world in miniature" (Minimundus), where the thumbnails are 140 buildings on five continents in 1:25 scale, including three-dimensional presentation of their interiors or moving models.
They are located in the National Park Hohe Tauern a height of 380 m in total three levels are the highest in Europe and the fifth highest in the world. They are a natural monument under special protection of the Council of Europe and annually attract hundreds of thousands of visitors, who can also watch the exhibition "Wonderful World of Water" at the entrance to the complex. Waterfalls can be admired from the bottom of the valley Salzašského, but more experienced visitors climb the path adapted to individual prospects of the cascade. Output (total 2 hours) ends at the inn Krimmler Tauernhaus, where waterfalls begin at the end of the valley Krimmel Achental. Descent is recommended that the same path. No entry in Falls goes for bikes.
Reconstructed medieval castle between Korneuburg and Stockerau one of the most impressive in Austria. The owners of the castle were also Rudolf I of Habsburg (1278) and Niklas Graf von Salm (1525), who distinguished himself in the defense of Vienna against the Turks. The original castle was destroyed in 1645 during the Thirty Years War, Swedish troops, but at the end of the 17th century ruins of inherited family Wilczek, in which the property is today and that took care of his resurrection to its original glory, including every detail. He is credited with mainly Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek (1837, Vienna), which began restoration of the crypt and chapel (1874), who helped io today chivalrous appearance of the castle, whose exteriors and interiors us to the medieval past. A guided tour takes approximately one hour.
The historic town of Landeck (8 thousand. Inhab., 811 m above sea level), surrounded by mountains, boasts burgher houses decorated with frescoes and the eponymous castle from the 13th century (today museum of local history). The dominant features are the castle ruins Schrofenstein over the river Inn, at which operates rafting. We also offer biking and paragliding from the mountain Venet, whose summit offers a unique prospect.
Lech am Arlberg
Prominent mountain town (1700 pop., 1400 m above sea level) full of hotels (which also runs the Dutch Royal Family) is located in the eponymous valley below Arlberskými Alps. The greatest monument is the White House (1356), who built Walserové, the founders of the city. At the beginning of the 20th century it an ideal location for winter sports skiing pioneer appeared Viktor Sohm. Log buildings have been converted into guest houses and the tops were built the first cabin lift in Austria. A tourist attraction is still the original building of Joseph Schnabeho in Oberlech (1817 m), which offers "Gentian" by inherited recipe (cider with extract of gentian roots). The aim of the pilgrimage is St. Amalia, the patron saint of mountaineers, which leads to even lift. Beautiful surroundings crosses 250 km of hiking trails, favorites are "geological" and "botanical" (flowering alpine meadows of Alpines Schlegelkopf to Petersboden way you can shorten the ecological train from Lech to Schlegelkopf). Arlberg leisure center offers natural heated swimming pool, water slides, attractions for children and the courts. Skiers waiting for 260 km of slopes at altitudes 1450-2450 m above sea level, 60 trails for snowboarders, cross-country skiing circuits 25 and 84 cableways and lifts, there are halls for tennis and squash.
Major industrial center (Linz, 190 thousand. Inhab.) Since 1490 metropolis of Upper Austria. I liked him, among others, Friedrich III., Johannes Kepler, Wolfgang Mozart, writer Adalbert Stifter and composer Anton Bruckner. Most of the Nibelungs leads across the Danube to the square Hauptplatz (220 x 60 m), flanked by houses with baroque and rococo facades. The most important monuments are the neo-Gothic basilica of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Neuer Dom, 130 mx 60 m - Austria's largest church, the remarkable stained glass tower 134 m), the baroque old house (Jesuit church. Ignatius), Old Town Hall (16th cent.) With museum Linz Genesis, Baroque Trinity Column (1723), Franciscan Church (1236), Renaissance Landhaus (seat of the Provincial Assembly and Provincial Government) with a bronze fountain Planetenbrunnen, Linz castle with a museum and a church. Martina (8th cent.), The oldest in Austria. The town is dominated Pöstlingberg hill (537 m asl) with a Baroque pilgrimage church of Our Lady of Sorrows; the prospect of leading the steepest adhesion (neozubená) track in the world.
Turquoise-colored lake (1970 m altitude above sea level, 2 x 1.2 km, depth 139 m) is called the jewel of extremely rugged mountain Rätikon (900 km2, 14 mountain groups) that covers the territory of Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein; Schesaplana with the highest peak (2962 m asl) at the Austrian-Swiss border. The mountain is 18 secured routes (Ferry), the heaviest of which is Sportklettersteig live Alpin Brand Lünersee difficulty E. The lake leads cable car Lünerseebahn of Brand-Schattenlagant (1568 m above sea level - 1983 m asl).
Czech Moon Lake (14.2 km2, 481 m asl) in the mountains Salzkammergutberge in Upper Austria has actually crescent shape with a length of 16.5 km and a width of 2.3 km. The maximum depth is 68 m is dominated by the dragon wall (Drachenwand) are secured through (ferrata). The lake feed the river Fuschler and Zeller Ache Ache, drained it Seeache that goes into the lake Attersee. The lake water is clear and warm in summer to 27 ° C. Live in the lake pike, trout, eels and carp. The center of tourism are peculiar town of Sankt Lorenz and Mondsee (pilgrimage temple, the hotel of the former monastery, three museums, a lakeside promenade).
Tyrolean village below Reschenpass, near the border of Italy and Switzerland, in winter ski buses connected with the Italian centers Schoeneben (20 km of slopes) and Haider Alm (15 km of slopes). At the end of Nauders the base station of the cable car to the restaurant Bergkastel (2200 m asl), where lead other lifts and cable cars including children (including the top Zirm, 2600 m above sea level) and there is a resort for snowboarders. Cross-country skiers ready 80 km prepared tracks: Reschen-circuit track Rundloipe (1500 m) leads to South Tyrol and the Swiss Engadiner Loipe Scuol. Other attractions include an indoor pool, sauna, squash, bowling and fitness.
Oberndorf bei Salzburg
The town became famous song Silent Night (Stalle Nacht, Heilige Nacht), who was first performed on Christmas Day in 1818 in a church in its place now stands the chapel. The author of the text is a priest Joseph Mohr, author of a local music teacher and organist Franz Xaver Gruber. Song, which has been translated into more than 300 languages, is devoted part of a local museum. Today the chapel is a place of pilgrimage especially winter, one path leads to it from the Museum Franz Xaver Gruber in Arnsdorf (60-90 minutes), the second asks her the pilgrimage church of Maria Bühel (45-60 minutes).
Village (800 inhab., 520 m asl). Salzkammergut at the mouth of the river into the lake of Hallstatt Koppentraun offers beaches with swimming, access to the Dachstein massif Sarstein and a superb skiing (11 km long trail Krippenstein, areas for cross-country trails for snowshoeing, alpine skiing and free ride, of course, out of avalanche slopes). Dachsteinseilbahn cable car runs from the lower station (608 m) to the station Schönbergalm (1350 m), from which are accessible cave Mammuthöhle and Eishöhle and where the transfer to the funicular to the mountain hotel Krippenstein (2109 m asl) on the edge of the Dachstein plateau, where good weather panoramic view of the other shields and Hoher Dachstein peak (2995 m asl). A new attraction is 30 minutes distant observation deck on Pionierkreuz called "five fingers", according to the five platforms in the form of a stretched hand protruding over 400 meters deep chasm. The Krippenstein cable car leading to Gjaidalm (1791 m above sea level) which runs from Obertraun also dvoukabinková lift Gjaidbahn, with a station at Krippenbrunn (1568 m): upper station is at the barracks Oberfeld (1830 m). West of here in the valley of Gosau ski area is Dachstein West, with an area Obertraun interconnected ski lifts.
Capital Salzkammergut (150 thousand. Inhab., UNESCO, 1997) located near the German border on both sides of the river Salzach, in a former Roman settlement Iuvavum. The town is dominated Hohensalzburg fortress (11th cent., Ground lift), once the refuge of the Salzburg archbishops, with towers and Hasenturm Schwefelturm, warehouses and salt well in the 16th century. Above strength lies Benedictine monastery Nonnberg (8th cent.). Other sights are the early baroque Salzburg Cathedral for up to 10,000 worshipers (17th cent., Dome height 75 m), the late Romanesque basilica of St. Petra (7th century. Based St. Rupert), a marble fountain Pferdeschwemme (1695), a Baroque church Kollegienkirche, the archbishop's seat of the Residence (gallery) and Holy Trinity Church (1694). Tourists are attracted Birthplace W. A. Mozart (Getreidegasse 9), now the museum. The provincial government is located in the Mirabell Palace (1606), surrounded by gardens. The best view of the city offers Kapuzinerberg hill, with a monastery and church (1602). Hellbrunn Summer Palace (17th century). Mannerist famous water games. Rupertinum houses the collection of modern art and photography.
Rugged mountains with an area of 550 km2 extending in Austria (Tyrol) and Switzerland (Graubünden) forms the geological divide between the Northern Limestone Alps and central crystalline Alps. They are divided into the northern ridge, central and southern part of the Muttler highest peak (3294 m asl, Switzerland): Austria's highest Hexenkopf (3035 m), the ridge west of the River Inn. Giant ski resort Silvretta Arena Samnaun / Ischgl (municipalities Compatsch, Laret, Plan, Ravaisch Dorf with a two-story cabin lift cabins with a capacity of 180 people) is the latest in Switzerland; His specialty is not only linking slopes on both sides of the border, but also a duty-free zone. There are 235 km of slopes (1900-2700 m asl), 40 lifts, trails for snowboarding and carving, trails and walking paths, tobogganing, ice rink, curling and horse-drawn sleigh.
Mountains with an area of 900 km2 with more than 50 třítisícovkami, 120 smaller glaciers and more than 300 named peaks stretching in Austria and Switzerland, with the highest point Piz Linard (3411 m asl, Switzerland). There are two protected areas: Silvretta-Verein (1983, 14 thousand. Ha) and mostly Austrian Piz Arina in the mountains of Samnaun (1983, 5 thousand. Ha). The northern boundary defines the Silvretta High Alpine Road Hochalpenstrasse, head of the valleys of Montafon and Paznautal. Central Silvretta separates the Tyrol and Vorarlberg. Silvrettasee Dam (2000 m) was built on the watershed between the Rhine and the Inne: it can be for two hours circumvent or try a cruise. The area is crisscrossed with a network of hiking trails: Austrian side are huts Wiesbadener Hütte (2443 m asl), Jamtalhütte (2165 m asl), Madlener Haus (near the saddle Bielerhöhe) Saarbrücker Hütte and Tübinger Hütte. Rise to the Top facilitate cable car in the winter supplemented ski lifts and ski buses. A popular destination skialpinists are tops Pitz Buin, Jamjoch Dreiländer Spitze and Spitze.
Wed George in Attergau
Holiday village (540 m asl, 4 thousand. Inhab.) In Upper Austria, about 50 km from Salzburg, 4 km from Lake Attersee. Monuments are the parish church. George (14th century)., A tower with a bulbous dome (18th cent.), Kogl ruins of the castle (13th century). Kogl a castle (18th cent.) With an alley.
Tourist resort (546 m asl, 3 thousand. Inhab.) In a broad valley at the western end of Lake Wolfgang. There is a bronze statue of Mozart, because there (in the house next to City Hall) was born Mozart's mother, Anna Maria Pertl (1720). In summer exhibition devoted to Mozart accessible to visitors. Tourists are also attracted swimming in the lake, stroll along its northern shore (or to the pilgrimage church on Falkensteinwand and from there to St. Petersburg. Wolfgang) and lift the Zwölferhorn (1522 m), which in the winter followed by ski lifts.
Tourist center (660 m asl) in the Tyrolean valley Leukental, between ridges "Wilder Kaiser" and "Kitzbühel Horn" in Kitzbühel. The confluence of the rivers Kitzbühler Ache, Fieberbrunner Ache and the Reither Ache, there arises Tiroler Ache, draining into Bavaria. The area was inhabited by the Celts (4th cent. BCE), who mined copper ore. The name gave the village Catholic church. John the Baptist (8th cent.). In 1540, on a hill Rerobichl in Oberndorf opened mines in silver and copper ore: Mine "Heilig-Geist-Schacht" (the Holy Spirit, 780 m) in the 17th century, the deepest in the world; mined but only in the 18th century. In 1875 the railway arrived in 1927 and were Oberndorf and ST. Johann formally separated. Nearby Alpine Museum (Oberhofenweg), the parish church. George chapel. Anthony and church. Nicholas in Weitau. There is also an indoor and outdoor pool, sauna, tennis, cycling and hiking trails, horseback riding, winter 60 km of ski tracks, ski slopes, lifts, ski lifts and ski jump.
Ski resort on Lake Wolfgang has 9 lifts, 18 pistes with a total length of 10 km and 710 m elevation and 40 km of cross-country tracks. The nearest railway station is Bad Ischl. The attraction is the possibility of leaving one of the last steam zubaček, Schafbergbahn (1893), the best prospect of Salzburg, Schafberg limestone mountain (1783 m). Narrow-gauge track gauge of 1000 mm and a length of 5.85 km, has an elevation of 1200 meters. On top of their panoramic view is the tourist lodge Schafbergspitze Hütte (1862).
The resort (422 m above sea level, 1.8 thousand. Inhab.) With a former Benedictine convent. Early Baroque parish church has an unusual pulpit in the shape of a fishing boat, fish and characters reminiscent of the miracle of the draft of the fishes of Gospel (1753). Next to it stands the chapel. Michael (17th cent.) And above the village of St. Jana (1609).
Lake in the Salzkammergut between Traunstein massif (1691 m asl) and mountain Höllengebirge (1592 m) called the Romans called Lacus Felix, Happy lake. The largest city on the lake is Gmunden. Local activities are scuba diving, water skiing, windsurfing and swimming (the water temperature in the summer is however up to 20 ° C). Attractions are paddle steamer steamer Gisela and Sophie, the first paddle wheel in the world (1839). On top Feuerkogel in Höllengebirge cableway from Oberlangbathu (part of Ebensee). In 2005 it was discovered at the bottom of the lake aircraft P-47 Thunderbolt, downed 8. May 1945. Around for centuries produced ceramics.
Treffling a lake Millstättersee
Treffling small town in Carinthia, about 25 km north-west of Villach, the beautiful surroundings. Cultural entertainment offering music weeks, theater festivals and art shows. Sights include Benedictine Monastery Millstatt (1070, valuable way of the cross) and a Renaissance castle Porcia in Spittal. Scenic road "Malta-Hochalmstrasse" leads to waterfalls along the 200 m high dam dam Kölnbreinsperre, candidates can see information films. In the wider area are national parks Nock (16 km) and the Hohe Tauern (69 km), the Julian Alps (57 km), Triglav (59 km) and Höchosterwitz Castle (71 km).
The spa town (58 thousand. Inhab., 500 m asl) at the confluence of the rivers Drava and Gail in southern Austria is the second largest in the province of Carinthia. Surrounded by lakes Ossiacher See, Faaker See a Gailtal and Karavanskými Alps is the center of tourism and winter sports; Other lakes in the area are Silbersee, Vassacher See, Magdalensee and ST. Leonharder See. Things are square with restored buildings, the church. James (view from tower, 300 steps), museum, remains of fortifications and thermal baths Warmbad (6-strand, 40 million liters 29 ° C warm water containing calcium and magnesium, beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system, blood circulation and respiratory system). Visitors are attracted bike path and nature park Dobratsch, on his coming climbers and skiers (elevation mostly artificial snow slopes 800 m). There is a chair lift, seven lifts and several slopes FIS, a resort for snowboarding, 35 km of groomed trails; There is also a swimming pool, sauna, fitness and bowling.
City Inn on the River, 7 km from Hall, renowned for Swarovski and its exhibition "crystal world" (Crystal Worlds), attracting a million visitors a year from all over the world. The founder of the company was Daniel Swarovski, a glass cutter, born in 1862 in Jiřetín pod Bukovou in the Jizera Mountains. Thirty years later he invented the electric sander and ideal conditions for its application found in Wattens in the Tyrol, where there was enough water power from the Alpine streams. Produced by chandeliers decorate Versailles and the Kremlin and jewelry worn by celebrities from around the world. I have the same success telescopes and other optical instruments. An important local company is Wattenspapier (1559), producing cigarette paper, exported to 90 countries.
Lake (length 10 km, maximum depth of 114 m, the local name Abersee) in the middle of the Salzkammergut is on the south bank of the classic paid beach and is ideal for swimming. The name is derived from the Bishop Wolfgang of Regensburg, as well as the name of St. Gilgen. Wolfgang, which is an important place of pilgrimage.
Entertainment, culture, sport
In Austria you can go at any time, always something going on. Other important events include, among others, in January Mozart Week in Salzburg in February carnival parades across the country and the Easter Festival in Salzburg, Bregenz March-May spring to late May and June Daffodil Festival in Ausserland, Viennese theater festival, Whit concerts Salzburg and folk celebration "at World Village" in Bad Kleinkirchheim, throughout the summer the Lower Austrian theater summer, Cultural Days in Neuberg, Castle Games Kobersdorf, "Games in the courtyard" in Friesach, the Bregenz Festival, the Salzburg Festival and the other in August Festival old Music in Innsbruck, International Jazz Festival Saalfelden, International Chamber Music Festival Austria (Horn, Altenburg monastery and castle Breiteneich) and the Chopin Festival in September and the International Folk Festival in Mistelbach and the International Haydn Days in Eisenstadt in October in several cities International Days of church music In October Salzburg cultural days.
In December, Advent concerts take place and Christmas markets with goods, accompanied by the scent of punch. They are held in virtually every major place, especially in Vienna and the provincial capitals, renowned as the advent Chateau on the Lake Traunsee (excluding own markets show hundreds of nativity scenes, samples of work glassblowers, carvers, bakers, blacksmiths, basket makers and other craftsmen).
Embassy of the Republic of Austria
Victor Hugo 10
151 15 Praha 5 - Smíchov
tel: 257 090 511
fax: 257 316 045
www.bmeia.gv.at / prag
Office Hours: Mon - Fri 08.30 - 16.30
Drtinova 4, 151 15 Praha 5 - Smíchov
tel: 257316048, 257090542
fax: 257 316 045
Office Hours: Mon - Fri 09.00 - 12.00
Czech Embassy in Austria
Botschaft der Republik Tschechischen
tel: 00431/89958-0, 89958-999, 89958170 secretariat, KO-89958148
Website: www.mzv.cz / vienna
Office Hours: Mon - Fri 08.00 - 12.00, 13.00 - 17.00
office hours for the public: Mon - Fri 08.30 - 10.30
Honorary Consulates (HK)
HK Linz (scope for the province of Upper Austria)
Address: Europaplatz 1, 4021 Linz
HK Klagenfurt (scope for the Land of Carinthia)
Address: Pierlstr.33 / I, 9020 Klagenfurt
HK Salzburg (application to the Land Salzburg)
Address: Bergerbräuhofstr.27, 5021 Salzburg
HK Graz (scope for the Land of Styria)
Address: Bahnhofgürtel 59, 8020 in Graz
HK Innsbruck (scope of the federal state of Tyrol and Vorarlberg)
Address: Hotel Grauer Bär, Universitätsstrasse 7, 6020 Innsbruck
Health care, immunization, hygiene
In case of accident a citizen of the Czech Republic in Austria are entitled to free emergency and urgent care (in cash to pay for treatment only in private hospitals and clinics). Priority should contact the contracted doctor or hospital of your insurance company and present a valid identity document and the "European Health Insurance Card." In the place of treatment, the patient must fill out a "Declaration of the insured patient in a Member State of the EU." All information about treatment advances contracted physician locally relevant District health insurance (Gebietskrankenkasse), which subsequently makes a claim for financial compensation for the relevant health insurance companies in the country. compulsory in Austria is participation in the reimbursement, specifically it relates to payments for medicines and hospitalization costs.
In case of doubt, the treatment can be contacted at Vienna territorial health insurance company that is collecting insurance for citizens of the Czech Republic. Address: Wiener Gebietskrankenkasse (WGKK) - Vienna territorial health insurance, Wienerbergstraße 15-19, A - 1100 Wien, tel: (+43 1) 60122-0, Fax: (+43 1) 60246-13, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In any case, if you are treated in Austria, it is recommended to have issued a medical report with the diagnosis and retain all original bills, receipts and other pertinent documents (such as radiographs) for subsequent negotiations with insurance companies.
In addition, it is recommended to also conclude insurance for travel and subsistence, which would cover possible repatriation of injured, ill or deceased.
Clients Čedok are insured by the Czech insurance, insurance cover, make sure when you purchase your trip.
Pharmacies are in every major city, information on opening hours and a list of emergency services are listed in the window. Many pharmacies are open nonstop. Medication is paid in cash, so be sure to take in sufficient quantities medications that you take regularly, preferably in the original packaging.
First aid kit should include medicines fever (aspirin, Paralen, aspirin), analgesics (Brufen, Korylan), medicines to stop diarrhea (Ercefuryl, Imodium, Reasec, Carbosorb), intestinal disinfectant (Endiaron, Endiform, Mexaform) or antibiotics prescribed by a doctor, antihistamines to calm down when biting (Dithiaden, Fenistil), eye drops (Ophtalmoseptonex) ointment against skin mycosis (Canesten) ointment on a festering wound (FRAMYKOIN) ointment for swelling (Ketazon, Yellon), ordinary and elastic bandage, several patches with pillow without, waterproof plaster, Panthenol for burns, small disinfectant spray (Septonex, Jodisol), unbreakable thermometer, scissors, nail needle, tweezers, lip balm and a scarf.
Tap water is drinkable everywhere.
Usages and customs
Austrians are confident, businesslike and usually friendly and open. The habit of using and respecting the traditional titles, but the younger generation no longer takes them so much. The laws and legal norms, authorities, institutions and protectors of order have a higher respect than it is for us.
In the vast majority are Catholics, and the first rungs of the ladder are the values of home, family and work. They are good hosts and know how to create a comfortable environment, however, unannounced visits are inappropriate. Punctuality is obvious.
They love culture: cultural education, insight and interests include the social duties and visits to theaters, museums, exhibitions and openings are commonplace. They are proud of the history of their country, with the sensitive issue of the role of Austria during World War 2.
They used to live and deal with foreigners. Most of them believe that every Czech understand German, but luckily especially college students and speak at least English. Austrians living in border areas of the Czech Republic Czech commonly understood.
Austria (83,871 km2) has borders with neighboring countries, a total of 2562 km long (from the Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km and 164 km Switzerland ). Most of the territory is mountainous: the most famous mountains of the Tyrolean Alps Medium, High and Low Tauern, North and South Limestone Alps and the Vienna Woods. The lowest point is Hedwighof at Lake Neusiedl (Neusiedler See 115 m), the highest Grossglockner (3798 m above sea level, the Hohe Tauern) glacier Pasterze (30 km2); glaciers occupy a total of 600 km2. Most třítisícových peaks have Ötztal Alps (eg Wildspitze 3774 m above sea level, Weisskugel 3738 m above sea level) and the Hohe Tauern (Grossvenediger 3666 m above sea level, Grosses Wiesbachhorn 3564 m asl). The importance of the Alpine passes (especially Brenner and Semmering) for transport across the Alps, decreased due to the construction of numerous tunnels.
In addition to the Pannonian lowlands are also important in the lowland valley of the Danube and the Vienna Basin. The main rivers are the Danube, Inn, Drava and the Salzach. Austria crosses the watershed between the Black Sea (Danube) and North Sea (Rhine). The lake is over 600, mostly of glacial origin. The largest is the Neusiedler (with 30% of its area is located in Hungary), another well-known are the Attersee, Mondsee, Traunsee, Constance (together with Germany and Switzerland), and Wolfgang lake in Carinthia.
Fauna and flora, nature conservation, national parks
All protected areas announced by the State Office for Nature Conservation. Category conservation are Nationalparks (national parks, 7), Europachutzgebiete (protected areas of European importance, 111), Naturschutzgebiete (nature reserve, 403), Landschaftsschutzgebiete (protected landscape area, 248), Natur-Landschaftsschutzgebiete (natural protected area of 4) , Naturparks (natural parks, 45), Geschützte Landschaftsteile (protected landscape elements, 334) and Schutzgebiete Sonstige / Naturdenkmale (special reserve, formerly natural monuments, 46). National parks in Austria are:
NP Hohe Tauern (1981, 1836 km2) in the territory of Salzburg, Carinthia and Tyrol was announced as the first. Protects the Grossglockner, Austria's highest mountain (3798 m), the next 265 highest peaks Krimml Falls (380 m) below the pass Gerlospass, the highest in Europe. The area is rich in glaciers, the largest Pasterze (24 km2).
NP Gesäuse (2002, 111 km2) in northern Styria Ennstal protects the limestone Alps (Hochtor (2370 m asl) and rocky valley of the river Enns. Aim of protecting forests and botanical endemic. Occurs around 50 kinds of orchids.
NP Thaya Valley (Valley of the Thaya, 1999, 13 km2) follows the NP Podyjí (1991, 63 km2) in the Czech Republic, which included the most valuable areas of the former PLA Podyjí (207-536 m asl). The aim of protection on both sides of the border is 40 km long deep Thaya valley meanders, stone and boulder sea and the Czech side of the steppe heath, floodplain forests and oak forests (84% of the land is forested). Because that was the border zone, the valley is uninhabited and virtually untouched.
NP Oberösterreichische Limestone Alps (1997, 209 km2) in Upper Austria protects the deep forests and mountains Reichraminger Hintergebirge Sengsengebirge which still live bears and a further 30 species of mammals.
NP Donau-Auen (1996, 93 km2). In Lower Austria, near Vienna. Protects floodplain forests along the Danube between Vienna and Bratislava, length 36 km course.
NP Neusiedler See - Seewinkel (1993, 91 km2) is located 70 km from Vienna and beyond to the Hungarian NP Fertő-Hanság. Protects steppe landscape at Lake Neusiedl, coastal marshes and reeds and aquatic ecosystems. There are the highest average temperature and rainfall lowest in Austria. Since 2001, the UNESCO site.
NP Nock (1987, 184 km2) in Carinthia. Includes Gurktal Alps with the highest mountain Grosser Rosenock (2440 m asl). The predominant type of landscape as mountain meadows and pastures. with grazing sheep, cows or horses. Pay alpine small road with panoramic views serves as a nature trail.
Agriculture, natural hazards and economy
Mineral wealth is an oil, coal, iron ore, zinc, antimony, magnesite, talc, graphite, salt, hydropower and wood. Arable land occupies only 16.5% of the territory. Environmental problems are soil erosion, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and air pollution in industrial areas and highways to transit between southern and northern Europe. Territory threaten natural landslides and avalanches in the mountains.
Gross national product per capita is 39 200 USD (2008), of which the share of agriculture and forestry 2%, industry 31% and services 67%. The main industries are food processing, machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, and electronics. A significant proportion of tourism. The inflation rate is 3.7% (2008).
Are exported machinery and equipment, automobiles and their components, chemicals, wood and wood products, paper and paperboard, communications equipment and food. More than 67% of energy from hydropower, 29% is produced by burning coal. Austria has no nuclear power plant (power plant Zwentendorf, completed in 1978, was not running) and this form of energy production is prevented.
State organization, administrative arrangements
Austria is a federal republic consisting of nine federal states (Bundesländer). They are Burgenland (Burgenland, the capital Eisenstadt), Kärnten (Carinthia, Klagenfurt), Niederösterreich (Lower Austria, Wed Pölten), Oberösterreich (Upper Austria, Linz), Salzburg (Salzburg, Salzburg), Steiermark (Styria, Graz) Tirol (Tyrol, Innsbruck), Vorarlberg (Vorarlsbersko, Bregenz) and Wien (Vienna Capital). The head of the Federation is the president elected by direct suffrage for 6 years, for a maximum of two terms (from 2004 Heinz Fischer) appointed by the federal government. Austria is a member state of the EU.
Legislative power is bicameral National Assembly (Bundesversammlung), consisting of the Federal Senate (Bundesrat, 62 senators elected for 6 years, from different countries 3-12 by population) and the National Assembly (Nationalrat, 183 members elected for five years by direct dialing) .
Provinces are divided into 84 districts and 15 statutory cities: the districts are divided into municipalities, town and township. Interesting are the exclave and enclaves. Functional enclave of Germany as Kleinwalsertal valley, it belonging to the Austrian Vorarlberg, but the road only available in Germany. A similar German enclave in the Tyrol, in the Austrian village Jungholz can only be reached via Germany.
8 thousand. BC: evidence of settlement from the Middle Palaeolithic; Finding the frozen mummy "Ötzi" on the border with Italy falls into the stone age, 4 millennium BC
3 to 1 cent. př.n.l.: The Bronze Age. The emergence of shopping centers and fortifications in the areas of mining and quarrying, for example in the area of Hallstatt (salt mining: Iron Age called "Hallstatt period"). In the Iron Age Celts settle in the east, west Řetová.
15th př.n.l.: The area occupied by the Romans. Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD) establishes Regnum Noricum province.
5th century.: Fall of the Roman Empire (in the context of the "migrations").
788: Charlemagne establishes the Avar Mark.
955: Ota I. defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Lech, effectively ruled the territory of today's Austria.
976: Proclamation of the Margraviate of Austria under the rule of Leopold I. Babenberského. Name Ostarrîchi ("Imperial Eastern marka" Österreich) documented in historical documents for the first time in 996
1156: Babenbergové receive from Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa "Privilege minus", which is "Eastern March" promotion from the Margraviate of the duchy. Vienna becomes the seat of the city, which remained - except for the reign of Rudolf II. - Today.
1246: The extinction of the male line Babenbergs (Fridrich II. Militant was killed in the Battle of Litava at war with Hungary); the reign of King Ottokar II.
1276: Rudolf I of Habsburg forced Ottokar II. renounce the Austrian lands.
1282: Roman King Rudolf I of Habsburg Austria granted in fief to his sons; together with Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and Tyrol continuing to be identified as a "hereditary Habsburg lands."
1365: After the death of Rudolf IV took over the government of a country divided his brothers Albrecht III. (Alpine country) and Leopold III. (Danube).
1493: Emperor Maximilian I of Austria, a country unites again.
1526: Ferdinand I. happens while the Czech and Hungarian king.
1529: The first Turks unsuccessfully besiege Vienna.
1683: The Turks twice unsuccessfully besieged Vienna.
1740: On the throne tactics Marie Theresa. He leads a series of wars of his right to the throne and the integrity of the empire.
1780: After the death of Maria Theresa ascends the throne of her son Joseph II. It introduces a profound reforms, including repealing the robot and guarantees religious freedom (1781).
1804: The Habsburg Monarchy Austrian Empire declared.
1805: After several battles occupying Austria Napoleon. Territorial loss of Tyrol.
1848: After the revolution, the Chancellor Metternich forced to abdicate: the throne started eighteen František Josef I. (then ruled until 1916).
1867: The Austro-Hungarian Compromise, dualistic conception States - Austria-Hungary.
1914: On 28.6. assassinated heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand d'Este in Sarajevo.
1914 - 1918: First World War. Austria-Hungary lost the Habsburgs were deposed and the Habsburg Empire ceased to exist. The original territory was established successor states of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the Kingdom of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, the other part of the territory became part of Poland, Romania and Italy.
1918: November 12 proclaimed the Republic of Austria.
1938 Hitler occupied Austria and annexed by Germany.
1945: Austria occupied by the victorious Allies and divided into four zones.
1955: The official end of the occupation and recognition of the independence of Austria. Proclamation of neutrality of Austria was a condition for the withdrawal of Soviet troops. Austria was admitted to the United Nations.
1995: Austria becomes a member of the European Union.
2002: Entry into the Eurozone.